Construction sites are bustling hubs of activity, where workers labor diligently to build our infrastructure.
However, amidst the productivity and progress, there exist Focus Four hazards that commonly occur on these sites, all of which can result in severe injuries and potential fatalities.
Falls are one of the most prevalent hazards in the construction industry and account for 36.4% of construction fatalities. They often occur due to unprotected edges, openings, and unstable work surfaces. When workers are not adequately protected, the risk of a fall increases significantly. Causes for falls include not using appropriate fall protection, improperly secured ladders, and poor housekeeping that creates tripping hazards.
2. Struck-by hazards
Struck-by hazards encompass incidents where vehicles, equipment, or falling objects hit construction workers. The absence of warning signs and signals can lead to workers not being aware of moving vehicles or equipment in their vicinity. When communication between equipment operators and ground personnel is poor or nonexistent, it increases the risk of a struck-by incident.
3. Caught-in/between hazards
These hazards occur when construction workers get caught, crushed, or squeezed between equipment, materials, or structures. These often occur due to trench and excavation work, machinery accidents, and inadequate guarding.
Electrocution is a significant concern on construction sites, where workers often encounter electrical systems and equipment. From damaged wiring to contact with power lines and using unsafe equipment, the risk of electrocution can happen at many different levels.
While employees need to work diligently and follow safety protocols, employers need to ensure safe and proper working conditions to minimize the risk of injury.